As I'm currently working on a compiler from a madeup language for compiler lectures, I had to find a rather decently fast division algorithm for ARM9, which is my target platform, since DIV command was introduced not sooner than ARM11 architecture.
So I found a simple divison algorithm, that speeds up basic “school child” subtractive division with shifting:
CMP R2, #0 BEQ divide_end ;check for divide by zero! MOV R0,#0 ;clear R0 to accumulate result MOV R3,#1 ;set bit 0 in R3, which will be ;shifted left then right .start CMP R2,R1 MOVLS R2,R2,LSL#1 MOVLS R3,R3,LSL#1 BLS start ;shift R2 left until it is about to ;be bigger than R1 ;shift R3 left in parallel in order ;to flag how far we have to go .next CMP R1,R2 ;carry set if R1>R2 (don't ask why) SUBCS R1,R1,R2 ;subtract R2 from R1 if this would ;give a positive answer ADDCS R0,R0,R3 ;and add the current bit in R3 to ;the accumulating answer in R0 MOVS R3,R3,LSR#1 ;Shift R3 right into carry flag MOVCC R2,R2,LSR#1 ;and if bit 0 of R3 was zero, also ;shift R2 right BCC next ;If carry not clear, R3 has shifted ;back to where it started, and we ;can end .divide_end MOV R25, R24 ;exit routine
More in-depth description of the algorithm workings is available on the source site.